8. alm.uke, søndag (år C)

1. lesning

Sir 27,4–7 (5–8)
Ros ingen før du har hørt ham tale
Når sikten ristes, blir rusket tilbake; slik blir smusset tilbake i menneskets tanker.
Som pottemakerens kar prøves i ovnen, prøves mennesket når du samtaler med det.
Treets frukt viser hvordan det er stelt, menneskets tale røper dets tanker.
Ros ingen før du har hørt ham tale, for slik skal mennesker stå sin prøve.

Responsoriesalme

Sal 92 (91),2–3. 13–14. 15–16
Omkved: Det er godt å prise Herren.
Det er godt å prise Herren,
lovsynge ditt navn, du Høyeste,
forkynne din nåde ved morgengry,
din trofasthet hele natten.
De rettferdige skal blomstre som palmen,
vokse som seder på Libanon.
De er plantet i Herrens hus.
I hans forgård skal de blomstre.
Selv grånende bærer de frukt,
gir ikke tegn til å visne.
De forkynner at Herren er rettvis,
han er min klippe, han svikter ikke.

2. lesning

1 Kor 15,54–58
Han gir oss seieren ved Jesus Kristus
Brødre, når det som var dødelig og forgjengelig, er ikledd udødelighet og uforgjengelighet, da skal Skriftens ord være oppfylt: «Døden er oppslukt av seieren! Død, hvor er din seier? Død, hvor er din brodd?» Dødens brodd, det er synden, og synden får sin kraft fra Loven. Men lovet være Gud, som gir oss seieren, ved vår Herre Jesus Kristus!
Og derfor, mine kjære brødre, vis dere faste og standhaftige, og gi dere helt til den oppgave Herren har gitt dere, siden dere jo vet at det vi gjør for Herren, aldri er gjort for intet.

Halleluja

Fil 2,15d.16a
Halleluja. Dere skal være lys
som lar livets ord skinne for menneskene. Halleluja.

Evangelium

Luk 6,39–45
Munnen bærer frem hva hjertet er fullt av
På den tid la Jesus frem en lignelse for disiplene: «Kan vel en blind lede en blind? Bærer det ikke da i grøften med dem begge?
Disippelen står ikke over sin mester, men når han er utlært, blir han som sin mester.
Et lite rusk i din brors øye ser du, men bjelken i ditt eget blir du ikke var? Hvordan kan du si til din bror: ‘Bror, la meg få ta rusket ut av øyet ditt,’ når du ikke ser bjelken i ditt eget? Din hykler! Få først bjelken ut av ditt eget øye, så ser du også skarpt nok til å få rusket ut av din brors.
Noe godt tre som bærer slett frukt, finnes ikke, men heller ikke noe dårlig tre med god frukt. Et tre kjennes på den frukt det bærer: En kan jo ikke plukke fiken av tistler, eller høste vindruer av tornekratt. Et godt menneske henter gode ting frem fra sitt hjertes gode forråd, og et ondt menneske onde ting fra sitt onde indre. For munnen bærer frem hva hjertet er fullt av.»

KOMMENTAR:
«Munnen bærer frem hva hjertet er fullt av»

“Let not your heart be troubled!” (John 14:1)

In the face of growing confusion about the doctrine of the Faith, many bishops, priests, religious and lay people of the Catholic Church have requested that I make a public testimony about the truth of revelation. It is the shepherds’ very own task to guide those entrusted to them on the path of salvation. This can only succeed if they know this way and follow it themselves. The words of the Apostle here apply: “For above all I have delivered unto you what I have received” (1 Cor. 15:3). Today, many Christians are no longer even aware of the basic teachings of the Faith, so there is a growing danger of missing the path to eternal life. However, it remains the very purpose of the Church to lead humanity to Jesus Christ, the light of the nations (see LG 1). In this situation, the question of orientation arises. According to John Paul II, the Catechism of the Catholic Church is a “safe standard for the doctrine of the faith” (Fidei Depositum IV). It was written with the aim of strengthening the Faith of the brothers and sisters whose belief has been massively questioned by the “dictatorship of relativism.”

1. The one and triune God revealed in Jesus Christ

The epitome of the Faith of all Christians is found in the confession of the Most Holy Trinity. We have become disciples of Jesus, children and friends of God by being baptized in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. The distinction of the three persons in the divine unity (CCC 254) marks a fundamental difference in the belief in God and the image of man from that of other religions. Religions disagree precisely over this belief in Jesus the Christ. He is true God and true Man, conceived by the Holy Spirit and born of the Virgin Mary. The Word made flesh, the Son of God, is the only Savior of the world (CCC 679) and the only Mediator between God and men (CCC 846). Therefore, the first letter of John refers to one who denies His divinity as an antichrist (1 John 2:22), since Jesus Christ, the Son of God, is from eternity one in being with God, His Father (CCC 663). We are to resist the relapse into ancient heresies with clear resolve, which saw in Jesus Christ only a good person, brother and friend, prophet and moralist. He is first and foremost the Word that was with God and is God, the Son of the Father, Who assumed our human nature to redeem us and Who will come to judge the living and the dead. Him alone, we worship in unity with the Father and the Holy Spirit as the Only and True God (CCC 691).

2. The Church

Jesus Christ founded the Church as a visible sign and instrument of salvation realized in the Catholic Church (816). He gave His Church, which “emerged from the side of the Christ who died on the Cross” (766), a sacramental constitution that will remain until the Kingdom is fully achieved (CCC 765). Christ, the Head, and the faithful as members of the body, are a mystical person (CCC 795), which is why the Church is sacred, for the one Mediator has designed and sustained its visible structure (CCC 771). Through it the redemptive work of Christ becomes present in time and space via the celebration of the Holy Sacraments, especially in the Eucharistic Sacrifice, the Holy Mass (CCC 1330). The Church conveys with the authority of Christ the divine revelation, which extends to all the elements of doctrine, “including the moral teaching, without which the saving truths of the faith cannot be preserved, explained, and observed” (CCC 2035).

3. Sacramental Order

The Church is the universal sacrament of salvation in Jesus Christ (CCC 776). She does not reflect herself, but the light of Christ, which shines on her face. But this happens only when the truth revealed in Jesus Christ becomes the point of reference, rather than the views of a majority or the spirit of the times; for Christ Himself has entrusted the fullness of grace and truth to the Catholic Church (CCC 819), and He Himself is present in the sacraments of the Church.

The Church is not a man-made association whose structure its members voted into being at their will. It is of divine origin. «Christ himself is the author of ministry in the Church. He set her up, gave her authority and mission, orientation and goal (CCC 874). The admonition of the Apostle is still valid today, that cursed is anyone who proclaims another gospel, “even if we ourselves were to give it or an angel from heaven” (Gal 1:8). The mediation of faith is inextricably bound up with the human credibility of its messengers, who in some cases have abandoned the people entrusted to them, unsettling them and severely damaging their faith. Here the Word of Scripture describes those who do not listen to the truth and who follow their own wishes, who flatter their ears because they cannot endure sound doctrine (cf. 2 Tim 4:3-4).

The task of the Magisterium of the Church is to “preserve God’s people from deviations and defections” in order to “guarantee them the objective possibility of professing the true faith without error” (890). This is especially true with regard to all seven sacraments. The Holy Eucharist is “source and summit of the Christian life” (CCC 1324). The Eucharistic Sacrifice, in which Christ includes us in His Sacrifice of the Cross, is aimed at the most intimate union with Him (CCC 1382). Therefore, the Holy Scripture admonishes with regard to the reception of the Holy Communion: “Whoever eats unworthily of the bread and drinks from the Lord’s cup makes himself guilty of profaning the body and of the blood of the Lord” (1 Cor 11:27). “Anyone conscious of a grave sin must receive the sacrament of Reconciliation before coming to communion” (CCC 1385). From the internal logic of the sacrament, it is understood that divorced and civilly remarried persons, whose sacramental marriage exists before God, as well as those Christians who are not in full communion with the Catholic Faith and the Church, just as all those who are not disposed to receive the Holy Eucharist fruitfully (CCC 1457), because it does not bring them to salvation. To point this out corresponds to the spiritual works of mercy.

The confession of sins in Holy Confession at least once a year is one of the Church’s commandments (CCC 2042). When the believers no longer confess their sins and no longer experience the absolution of their sins, salvation becomes impossible; after all, Jesus Christ became Man to redeem us from our sins. The power of forgiveness that the Risen Lord has given to the Apostles and their successors in the ministry of bishops and priests applies also for mortal and venial sins which we commit after Baptism. The current popular practice of confession makes it clear that the conscience of the faithful is not sufficiently formed. God’s mercy is given to us, that we might fulfil His Commandments to become one with His Holy Will, and not so as to avoid the call to repentance (CCC 1458).

“The priest continues the work of redemption on earth” (CCC 1589). The ordination of the priest “gives him a sacred power” (CCC 1592), which is irreplaceable, because through it Jesus becomes sacramentally present in His saving action. Therefore, priests voluntarily opt for celibacy as «a sign of new life» (CCC 1579). It is about the self-giving in the service of Christ and His coming kingdom.

4. Moral Law

Faith and life are inseparable, for Faith apart from works is dead (CCC 1815). The moral law is the work of divine wisdom and leads man to the promised blessedness (CCC 1950). Consequently, the «knowledge of the divine and natural law is necessary» to do good and reach this goal (CCC 1955). Accepting this truth is essential for all people of good will. For he who dies in mortal sin without repentance will be forever separated from God (CCC 1033). This leads to practical consequences in the lives of Christians, which are often ignored today (cf 2270-2283; 2350-2381). The moral law is not a burden, but part of that liberating truth (cf Jn 8:32) through which the Christian walks on the path of salvation and which may not be relativized.

5. Eternal Life

Many wonder today what purpose the Church still has in its existence, when even bishops prefer to be politicians rather than to proclaim the Gospel as teachers of the Faith. The role of the Church must not be watered down by trivialities, but its proper place must be addressed. Every human being has an immortal soul, which in death is separated from the body, hoping for the resurrection of the dead (CCC 366). Death makes man’s decision for or against God definite. Everyone has to face the particular judgement immediately after death (CCC 1021). Either a purification is necessary, or man goes directly into heavenly bliss and is allowed to see God face to face. There is also the dreadful possibility that a person will remain opposed to God to the very end, and by definitely refusing His Love, «condemns himself immediately and forever» (CCC 1022). “God created us without us, but He did not want to save us without us” (CCC 1847). The eternity of the punishment of hell is a terrible reality, which – according to the testimony of Holy Scripture – attracts all who “die in the state of mortal sin” (CCC 1035). The Christian goes through the narrow gate, for “the gate is wide, and the way that leads to ruin is wide, and many are upon it” (Mt 7:13).

To keep silent about these and the other truths of the Faith and to teach people accordingly is the greatest deception against which the Catechism vigorously warns. It represents the last trial of the Church and leads man to a religious delusion, “the price of their apostasy” (CCC 675); it is the fraud of Antichrist. “He will deceive those who are lost by all means of injustice; for they have closed themselves to the love of the truth by which they should be saved” (2 Thess 2:10).

Call

As workers in the vineyard of the Lord, we all have a responsibility to recall these fundamental truths by clinging to what we ourselves have received. We want to give courage to go the way of Jesus Christ with determination, in order to obtain eternal life by following His commandments (CCC 2075).

Let us ask the Lord to let us know how great the gift of the Catholic Faith is, through which opens the door to eternal life. “For he that shall be ashamed of me, and of my words, in this adulterous and sinful generation: The Son of Man also will be ashamed of him, when He shall come in the glory of his Father with the holy angels.” (Mark 8:38). Therefore, we are committed to strengthening the Faith by confessing the truth which is Jesus Christ Himself.

We too, and especially we bishops and priests, are addressed when Paul, the Apostle of Jesus Christ, gives this admonition to his companion and successor, Timothy: “I charge thee, before God and Jesus Christ, Who shall judge the living and the dead, by His coming, and His kingdom: Preach the word: be instant in season, out of season: reprove, entreat, rebuke in all patience and doctrine. For there shall be a time, when they will not endure sound doctrine; but, according to their own desires, they will heap to themselves teachers, having itching ears: And will indeed turn away their hearing from the truth, but will be turned unto fables. But be thou vigilant, labour in all things, do the work of an evangelist, fulfil thy ministry. Be sober.” (2 Tim 4:1-5).

May Mary, the Mother of God, implore for us the grace to remain faithful without wavering to the confession of the truth about Jesus Christ.

United in faith and prayer,

Gerhard Cardinal Müller, Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith 2012-2017

Editor’s note: After this text was published, the cardinal’s office submitted to CNA three amendments to the text originally submitted to CNA. Two were minor syntactical corrections. The third change replaced the word «to» with «cannot» in the following phrase: «just as all who are not properly disposed, to cannot receive the Holy Eucharist fruitfully (CCC 1457) because it does not bring them to salvation.»

Cardinal Gerhard Ludwig Müller served as the Prefect of the Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith from 2012-2017.

Kirkens siste prøvelse /DEN KATOLSKE KIRKENS KATEKISME/

675. Før Kristi komme må Kirken gå igjennom en siste prøvelse som kommer til å få mange troendes tro til å vakle.Den forfølgelse som ledsager dens pilegrimsgang på jorden,vil avsløre «lovløshetens mysterium» i form av en religiøs svindel som foregir å bringe menneskene en løsning på deres problemer, på betingelse av at de faller fra sannheten. Den største religiøse svindel er Antikrists, det vil si en pseudo-messianisme hvor mennesket gir seg selv ære, i stedet for Gud og Hans Messias, kommet i kjødet.

676. Denne antikristsvindel tar form i verden hver gang noen forsøker å virkeliggjøre i historien det messianske håp som bare kan oppfylles hinsides historien gjennom den eskatologiske dom: selv i avsvekket form har Kirken forkastet denne forfalskningen av det kommende rike under navnet millenarisme, og fremfor alt i politisk utgave som en sekularisert og «inderlig pervers» messianisme.

677. Kirken kommer ikke til å gå inn i rikets herlighet på noen annen måte enn gjennom den siste påske, hvor den følger i Herrens fotspor til Hans død og oppstandelse. Riket kommer derfor ikke til å fullbyrdes i en historisk triumf for Kirken på slutten av en oppadstigende fremgang, men i Guds endelige seier over ondskapens siste løssluppenhet, en seier som får Hans brud til å stige ned fra himmelen. Guds triumf over ondskapens opprør vil ta form av den siste dom, etter den siste kosmiske rystelse av denne verden som forgår.

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